The Dutch Structuralist architect Aldo van Eyck left his mark in Amsterdam – not only in the form of buildings but also, perhaps surprisingly. One of them is Aldo van Eyck, who designed a large number of public playgrounds for the city of Amsterdam. His playgrounds are something. Explore Sara Angelini’s board “aldo van eyck-playgrounds” on Pinterest. | See more ideas about Architecture, Playground design and Street furniture.
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Situating the embodied mind in a landscape of standing affordances for living without chairs: This psychology started from the physicalist assumption that the environment is meaningless, consisting solely of matter in motion. His designs and spaces always seem, given the warmth vsn his ideas, somewhat barren.
Blog Review 21 May Geschiedenis, voorspel en betekenis van een beweging in de kunst van na de tweede wereldoorlog.
Human Structures and Architectural Archetypes: Aldo Van Eyck’s Playgrounds ( – ) – SOCKS
eyxk Though largely disappeared, defunct and forgotten today, these playgrounds represent one of the most emblematic of architectural interventions in a pivotal time: Invan Eyck played host to the first exhibition of the Cobra group — a short-lived but influential avant-garde art movement — in the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam.
Inone year after World War II came to an end in the Netherlands, Aldo van Eyck was appointed as an architectural eycj in the town planning section of the Amsterdam public works department. How do we see how to do things, to thread a needle or drive an automobile? Collected Articles and Other Writings —eds V. The symmetry that characterizes many of his play sculptures might be appealing when only looking at them, but it seems to reduce the attractiveness of the sculptures eycj elements for play.
And by doing so, he planted the seed of a line of research that continues to fascinate us. Playgeounds, the perspective on urban space that van Eyck developed through his playgrounds, would lead him to become one of the most fervent critics of playgroknds functionalist tendency that dominated the CIAM movement until then. The Situationists took this element of play and developed it into one of their core notions, as Debord would state: It was a place to talk and a lookout post.
Aldo van Eyck and the City as Playground
Even in the first versions of The Kisswhich are less abstract than the later versions, there are no noses, ears, elbows, chins, and throats. Playgtounds is a book about how we see.
This perspective was initiated in the s and s by a number of authors e. This was the basic premise of the large-scale construction of new post-war neighborhoods in the fifties such as Buitenveldert and the Westelijke Tuinsteden, resulting in the well known open housing blocks with large amounts of light, air, greenery and monotony.
For him the playgrounds were an opportunity to test out his ideas on architecture, relativity and imagination. This approach, which was initiated by the psychologist Gibson in the s and s, provides a framework for understanding the environment we live in. Blog Viewpoint 12 Apr How do we see what things are good for?
To evaluate the play sculptures of van Eyck, we adopted an ecological approach. The design of the playgrounds was aimed at interaction with the surrounding urban tissue.
Aldo van Eyck and the City as Playground – MO
Like van Eyck, he criticized the concepts of space and time, notions that psychology had adopted etck classical physics and that held it captive for centuries. Aodo a Research Topic. Toward an Ecological Psychology. The Dutch planners, however, never got that far.
The design for his playgrounds too — presented in fascinating archive photographs and particularly beautiful drawings — exhibit this same spatial dexterity but heavy-handed reality. Inthe architect Aldo van Eyck built his first playground in Amsterdam, on the Bertelmanplein. Covered with a rug, it became a hut. The latter refers to our everyday description of our environment. The Schmela House itself is a case in eyci, containing some extraordinary alo moves, yet with a somewhat grim institutional feel in its texturing and detail, with bare unforgiving concrete-block walls even in the living spaces of the top-floor apartment.
In that context, also the notion of play gained symbolic importance. Of the grand total ofonly 90 survived into the 21st century with their original layout. As mentioned earlier, van Eyck created playgrounds in existing playgrouds, squares, and other empty places in the city, taking into account the constraints that were provided by these places.
The playgrounds were fantastic because the objects were simple: A study on the gap-crossing affordances of jumping stones. To test whether children are more attracted to such non-standardized configurations than to the symmetrical configurations that van Eyck tended to design, Sporrel et al.
Moreover, when the children were asked to rate how much they enjoyed playing on the configurations, they reported that they liked the non-standardized configuration better. The Eycl Left came to power and the Nieuwmarkt was saved, to become an inspiration for anti-modernization struggles elsewhere in the country.
And, obviously, children vary in their action capabilities. This suggests that although designers might be concerned with the aesthetics of their play elements, the perceived aesthetic is not of overriding importance for the children who play on them.
The Perception of the Environment. For me, van Eyck has always been easier to love for his ideas and ideals than for his schemes and buildings. Blog Obituary 04 Apr Reset Your Search Results This intuition was elaborated in the making of the Buskenblaserstraat park.
For example, we learn about the affordances of objects from and through other people. Because the Site Preparation Service of the Department of City Development, working together with local associations, wanted to give every neighbourhood its own playground, they often had to be placed in vacant, derelict sites.
But again in the absence of any adults hunkering down in one of the small cubes to read-up on play-spaces an unlikely proposition anyway given their size — let alone any kids rushing around and through the structure — the whole installation has a rather forlorn aspect.