BRONCHOPNEUMONIA PADA ANAK PDF

Bronchopneumonia adalah infeksi akut pada jaringan paru-paru (alveoli). Biasanya pnemumonia terjadi pada anak dan seringkali bersamaan dengan infeksi. Bronchopneumoniapada anak saat ini menjadi penyakit yang paling sering terjadi pada anak. Masalah keperawatan utama yang terjadi pada anak dengan . BRONCHOPNEUMONIA PADA ANAK Diah Ayu Tri W Evinatalia Dimas Pandu D Fariza Ilham Dwi Krisma D Fathonah Eka P Eka Nur Rani Febriana Lukita W.

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Important aspects in the treatment of child bronchopneumonia are rest and adequate hydration. Nursing diagnoses which appears on Bronkopneumonia child is gas exchange disruption is the excess and deficiency of oxygenation or elimination of carbon dioxide on capillary alveolar membrane.

Evaluation of Drug Treatment of Bronchopneumonia at the Pediatric Clinic in Sarajevo

Gejala khas seperti batuk biasanya disertai dahak, demam, nafas pendek, nyeri dada dan menggigil. The aim of this study was to determine the most often proscribed antibiotics anakk supporting concomitant therapy in treatment for bronchopneumonia at the Pediatric Clinic in Sarajevo, and to determine whether the treatment is in accordance with the British Thoracic Society guidelines. Biasanya pnemumonia terjadi pada anak dan seringkali bersamaan dengan infeksi akut pada bronkus bronchopneumonia.

Table 1 Analysis of use of penicillin group of antibiotics. Efficacy of the heptavalent pneumococcal vaccine against meningitis, pneumonia and acute otitis media in pediatric age.

To reduce the incidence of disease, introduction of the pneumococcal vaccination must be considered, as pneumococcal infection is the leading cause of bronchopneumonia.

Average oxygenation level was The average duration of treatment with ceftazidime was 5.

Evaluation of Drug Treatment of Bronchopneumonia at the Pediatric Clinic in Sarajevo

Analysis results are displayed in tables and graphs as per number of cases, percentage, and arithmetic mean X with standard deviation SDstandard error SE and a range of values min-max. Hence the use of antibiotics would be rationalized Antibiotic resistance and irrational prescribing in paediatric pasa in Greece. Unduh teks lengkap Bahasa Indonesia, 8 pages. Selama pneumonia diderita kondisi tubuh akan mengalami demam tinggi dan diikuti hilangnya protein untuk memperbaiki kerusakan sel dan bronchopneuomnia tubuh.

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Bronchopneumonia

In the treatment of children of preschool age, first-generation cephalosporins were most often used, while third-generation cephalosporins were most often used in school-aged children. Shortest duration of therapy has been recorded in the penicillin group of antibiotics. Analysis and presentation of data were conducted by using narrative techniques and frequency distribution.

The youngest patient was 1 month old and the oldest was months old 16 years.

Bronchopneumonia

In the opinion of child psychologists, parenteral route of administration is considered to be traumatic for the child, with more rapid appearance of adverse effects Svjetlana Loga Zec, Kenan Selmanovic made substantial contribution to conception, design, drafting the article and critical revision for important intellectual content.

Hence the usual empirical treatment is based bronchopneumonka proven connection of certain causative agents with specific populations, while etiological treatment is very rare.

Timing of correct parenteral antibiotic initiation and outcomes from severe bacterial community-acquired pneumonia in children. Therefore no more complaints, such as short of breath and no sound when breathing. Lamija Zecevic and Lejla Zunic made substantial contribution to conception and design. Within this group, the most widely used medicine was ampicillin Out of total number of subjects, 66 or Text Sampul Depan Heni Wahyuni.

Analyze nursing care in children with airway clearance problem is not effective in cases of bronchopneumonia in Aster RSUD Room. Ampicillin as the most often used drug from the penicillin group was administered in 18 patients with an average dose of 1, More information and software credits.

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Drugs in cephalosporins group were recommended in total of 61 subjects In addition to pharmacotherapy, hospitalized patients were subjected to a diet with controlled intake of sodium, which included probiotic-rich foods and adequate hydration.

Minumlah lebih banyak untuk menghindari dehidrasi akibat demam tinggi. It has been shown that introduction of vaccines against measles reduced incidence of mortality by 2. This bromchopneumonia usually done by inhalation, i.

Management of community-acquired pneumonia in children. Bacterial resistance, along with limitations in establishment of timely diagnosis and difficult ethiological classification, often leads to severe clinical features and inadequate response to anqk, which results in increased number of treatment days, as well as increased consumption of antimicrobials.

In the period of the study July-Decemberreadmission to hospital due to bronchopneumonia was recorded in 12 subjects or Studies conducted in UK in showed that introduction of vaccination revolutionized prevention of infectious diseases.

According to the research done by the World Health Organization, for quality management of bronchopneumonia, certain criteria must be met in order to refer a child to hospital treatment: Int J Antimicrob Agents. The Pediatric Clinic of the University Clinical Center of Sarajevo has also based its principles of treating bronchopneumonia on observing guidelines and protocols, as well as principles of good clinical practice.

Bronkopneumonia is an infection on pulmonary parenchyma caused by bacteria, virus, fungus or foreign objects.

Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Intravenous administration of antibiotics is recommended for children suffering from pneumonia in cases when a child cannot tolerate oral intake of drugs or their absorption i.